Most Australians live in or near a coastal zone. Our population is increasingly placing pressure on our fragile marine environments. It is therefore vital to acknowledge the importance of marine education in assisting children develop the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to take environmentally responsible actions now and in the future to protect our coastal ecosystems. Effective marine education requires teachers to utilise appropriate strategies which will assist children to appreciate and also care for the marine world.
Young children are highly motivated and curious about the world around them. Marine education in the early years of schooling should enhance the innate capacity within children to learn form the natural world. It should be concerned with providing positive attitudes towards and encounters with, the sea and its surrounds. This workshop encourages and equips teachers to implement marine education for children aged 5-8 years.
The objectives of the workshop are:
There are five activities in this workshop:
|OHT 1A||Workshop objectives|
|OHT 1B||Workshop outline|
|OHT 2A||The hidden wealth of the oceans|
|OHT 2B||Marine education concepts|
|OHT 3A||Characteristics of children aged 5 - 8years|
|OHT 3B||Appropriate teaching strategies for early years marine education|
|OHT 4||National Curriculum Profile Key Learning Areas|
|Resource 2A||A story A journey to our ocean land and sea links|
|Resource 2B||A mud map Australia an island continent on an ocean planet|
|Resource 2C||Marine education concepts|
|Resource 2D||Marine education concept activities|
|Resource 2E||Copy of the State of Environment Report for Estuaries and the Sea|
|Resource 2F||Report card outline|
|Resource 4||Marine education resource list|
A4 Paper, Easel size paper, Black crayons
Audio tape of sea sounds
Copies of Resources 2D, 2E and 2F
An Octupuss Garden, An Early Childhood Marine Education Resource Guide for Teaching Young Children 3-8 years, published by Victorian Institute of Marine Sciences, 1996.
A variety of collected resources, some suggestions are in Resource 4. Participants could be requested to bring relevant resources to the workshop.
Copies of Resource 4
Whiteboard and pen
Bredekamp, S. ed (1987) Developmentally Appropriate Practice in Early Childhood Programs Serving Children From Birth Through Age 8. NAEYC, Washington
Bruce, J.B. (1995) The Australian Seashore, Kangaroo Press, Australia.
Burnie, D. (1994) Eyewitness Explorers - Seashore, Harper Collins, Australia
Coldrey, J. (1993) Eyewitness Explorers - Shells, Harper Collins, Australia.
Dracup, M. (1988) Beach for Kids, Collins Dove, Australia
Farrugia, J. & Linford, C. (1996) An Octopuss Garden An Early Childhood Marine Education Resource Guide, Victorian Institute of Marine Sciences.
Gould League of SA (1995) Cetaceans A Cross Curriculum Package for Primary and Lower Secondary Teachers.
Gould League of Victoria Publications, Caring for the Coast; Coasting; Coastal Survival; Coastal Wildlife; Crabs; Outdoor Environmental Games; Environmental Starters; Seabirds; Shellfish Survival; Whales.
Junior Topics, Ashton Scholastic, Fish; The Sea; Shipwrecks; Sharks.
Macquitty, M. (1995) Collins Eyewitness Guides - Oceans, Harper Collins, Australia.
Marris, S. (1998) Australian Guide to Seashores, Gould League of Victoria
McCracken, M. & R. (1989) The Sea and Other Water Ideas for Teachers.
Noonan, D. & Bishop, N. (1996) The Rocky Shore, Heinemann Education.
Parish, S. (1997) First Field Guide to Australian Marine Life, Steve Parish Publishing
Sander, K. and Tribe, D. ( 1996) Conserving our Coasts, Gould Leaguer Vol. 5, No. 3, Gould League of NSW
Science and Technology Education in Primary Schools (STEPS) CSF Level 1&2 The Sea. Program notes and video footage of programs transmitted to Victorian Schools - Term 1, 1996.
Slater, P. (1997) Amazing Facts about Australian Marine Life, Steve Parish Publishing
Swartz, J. & Tsernjavski, N. (1993) Riding the Tide, Victorian Institute of Marine Sciences and the Gould League of Victoria.
Thomas, A. (1995) The Ocean. A Learning Centre, Macmillan, Australia Pty. Ltd.
Tsernjavski, N. (1994) A.B.Sea; A Cross Curriculum Marine Studies Guide for Prep-Year 12, Warrawee Publications, Australia.