Achievements of the Environmental
Impact Assessment Process
|Source: Adapted from Brown, L. and McDonald, G. (1995) From Environmental
Impact Assessment to Environmental Design and Planning, Australian
Journal of Environmental Management, 2 (2).
- Involved new and beneficial players in the planning
and design process including:
- academics not previously involved in planning activities
(ecologists, anthropologists, etc)
- the public, both directly and indirectly
- non-government organisations.
- Encouraged the development of predictive and evaluative
models (in the pollution area, for example) to assist with assessment.
- Stimulated the environmental education of many players
in the development process, eg. engineers, planners, proponents, lawyers
- Encouraged a greening of the boardroom - fewer environmentally
unsound projects go on to the drawing board.
- Facilitated the development of environmental policies,
guidelines, principles, ethics, mission statements and responsibilities
in a diverse range of organisations, eg. private enterprise, government
instrumentalities, and professional organisations.
- Acted as a vanguard for institutional and corporate
mainstreaming of action in the environmental area, laying the foundations
for environmental auditing and the adoption of sustainable development