Black Nerite Nerita atramentosa
The Black Nerite has a shell which is globe-shaped with a flat spire and a large body whorl. The shell surface is smooth or marked with fine spiral striations caused by irregular growth lines. The aperture large and semicircular. Aperture has 1-2 teeth at the side. Its Operculum is calcareous and granular outside. The operculum has a peg which catches under the columella.
The Black Nerite is common across southern the southern shores of Australia. From southern Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia to Northwest Cape. Also occurs at Lord Howe Island, North Island New Zealand and Kermadec Island.
Occurs at mid to high tide levels on and under rocks, in crevices, and around the edges of rock pools of shores with low to moderate wave action.
Lays flat, oval-shaped, calcareous egg capsules during summer on rocks and shells (Anderson, 1962, Underwood, 1974).
After hatching, the larvae settle back on the shore about four months later as small adults.
Also known as Black Periwinkle, Crow, or Melanerita melanotragus
Bennett, I. (1987) W.J. Dakin's classic study: Australian Seashores. p.279, Angus & Robertson, Sydney.
Davey, K. (1998) A Photographic Guide to Seashore Life of Australia. p.96, New Holland, Sydney.
Edgar, G.J. (1997) Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. p.244, Reed Books, Kew.
Quinn, G.P., Wescott, G.C. & Synnot, R.N. (1992) Life on the Rocky Shores of South-Eastern Australia: an illustrated field guide. p.45, Victorian National Parks Association, Melbourne.
Marine Research Group of Victoria (1984) Coastal Invertebrates of Victoria: an atlas of selected species. p. 44, Museum of Victoria, Melbourne.
Macpherson, J.H. & Gabriel, C.J. (1962) Marine Molluscs of Victoria. p.85, Melbourne University Press & The National Museum of Victoria.
Shepherd, S.A. & Thomas, I.M. (1982) Marine Invertebrates of Victoria, Pt. 2. p.563, South Australian Government Printer, Adelaide.
Underwood, A.J. & Chapman, M.G. (1993) Seashores: a beachcomber's guide. p.31, New South Wales University Press, Sydney.
Wilson, B.R. & Gillett, K. (1979) A field guide to Australian Shells: Prosobranch Gastropods. p. 47, A.H. & A.W. Reed, Sydney.