Corded Siphon Shell, Siphonaria funiculata
The Corded Siphon Shell is a conical, elevated siphon shell with a sharp-pointed apex and numerous irregular, flat radial ribs with varying spaces between. The shell margin is crenulated and the siphonal groove is indistinct.
The Corded Siphon Shell has a brown shell with white ribs outside and shiny chocolate brown with a paler spatula inside.
The Corded Siphon Shell ranges from southern Queensland, around the southern shores to Adelaide, South Australia, including Tasmania.
It occurs on rocky shores at high-tide level on rock faces and overhangs, generally lower than Van Dieman's Siphon Shell, Siphonaria diemenensis in the southern parts of its range across southern Australia. Found on many open coasts, where it may be the dominant siphon shell on some south-eastern shores.
There is a great deal of controversy over the classification of Siphon Shells. Most early researchers only used shell characteristics to distinguish between the species. Bill Rudman, of the Australian Museum, Sydney, considers that we should use the colour of the living animal as the prime identifier.
It is also known as Siphonaria virgulata.
Bennett, I. (1987) W.J. Dakin's classic study: Australian Seashores. p.306, Angus & Robertson, Sydney. (As S. virgulata).
Davey, K. (1998) A Photographic Guide to Seashore Life of Australia. p.119, New Holland, Sydney.
Edgar, G.J. (1997) Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. p.268, Reed Books, Kew.
Marine Research Group of Victoria (1984) Coastal Invertebrates of Victoria: an atlas of selected species. p.79, Museum of Victoria, Melbourne.
Macpherson, J.H. & Gabriel, C.J. (1962) Marine Molluscs of Victoria. p.262, Melbourne University Press & The National Museum of Victoria.
Shepherd, S.A. & Thomas, I.M. (1982) Marine Invertebrates of Victoria, Pt. 2. p.877, South Australian Government Printer, Adelaide.
Underwood, A.J. & Chapman, M.G. (1993) Seashores: a beachcomber's guide. p.32, New South Wales University Press, Sydney. (As S. virgulata).