Marine Education Society of Australasia Home Page

banner image for Life on Australian Seashores Website


The shells of Turbans are cone-shaped, or turbinate, with large rounded whorls. They have an inner shiny nacreous layer similar to the trochids.

Small photo of a Turban ShellThe distinguishing character is the solid, heavy calcareous operculum, while the closely-related Trochids have a thin, horny operculum.

The shape and sculpture of the operculum can be used to identify the different species.

Turbans live in shallow water among the algae, or on coral reefs.

The Turbans are algae feeders.

The females lay a gelatinous egg-mass. The young hatch as early stage free swimming larvae.

For more information on Molluscs visit MESA Molluscs


Bennett, I. (1987) W.J. Dakin's classic study: Australian Seashores. Angus & Robertson, Sydney.

Davey, K. (1998) A Photographic Guide to Seashore Life of Australia. New Holland, Sydney.

Edgar, G.J. (1997) Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. Reed Books, Kew.

Quinn, G.P., Wescott, G.C. & Synnot, R.N. (1992) Life on the Rocky Shores of South-Eastern Australia: an illustrated field guide. Victorian National Parks Association, Melbourne.

Marine Research Group of Victoria (1984) Coastal Invertebrates of Victoria: an atlas of selected species. Museum of Victoria, Melbourne.

Macpherson, J.H. & Gabriel, C.J. (1962) Marine Molluscs of Victoria. Melbourne University Press & The National Museum of Victoria.


Common Warrener

Home Page
Rocky Shores
Tidal Levels
Intertidal Zonation
Environmental Factors
Biological Factors
Feeding Relationships


photo of Keith DaveyLife on Australian Seashores
by Keith Davey (C) 2000

Learning Consultant - Media
The University of Newcastle

email at

Scientific Consultant: Phil Colman
site created 01.01.98 : updated 01.04.2000